The Influence of Matching Populations on Kinematic and Kinetic Variables in Runners With Iliotibial Band Syndrome
Authors: Grau, Stefan; Maiwald, Christian; Krauss, Inga; Axmann, Detlef; Horstmann, Thomas
Source: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1 December 2008, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 450-457(8)
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to assess how participant matching influences biomechanical variables when comparing healthy runners and runners with iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS). We examined 52 healthy runners (CO) and 18 with ITBS, using three-dimensional kinematics and pressure distribution. The study population was matched in three ways and compared with the biomechanical findings: ITBS versus CO I (unmatched), ITBS versus CO II (matched to gender) and ITBS versus CO III (matched to gender, height, and weight). The final number of participants in each group was n = 18. The kinematic variables showed a dependency on the matching process. The largest statistically significant differences (after Bonferroni adjustment) in the frontal and transverse planes were between ITBS and CO III (p = .008). Pressure measurements were also dependent on the matching process, with decreasing and nonsignificant differences (p = .006) between ITBS and CO after refining the process (ITBS vs. CO III). The results of this study and the necessity of matching seem to be plausible (lever arms, different running styles). Data matching is important for understanding overuse injuries in running.
Document Type: Research Article