Evaluation of the Reliability and Validity of an Adult Version of the Salutogenic Wellness Promotion Scale (SWPS)
Authors: Becker, Craig; Whetstone, Lauren; Glascoff, Mary; Moore, Justin B.
Source: American Journal of Health Education, 1 November 2008, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 322-328(7)
Abstract:Background: Traditional health measurement tools use a pathogenic, or disease origins framework, to assess for the absence of disease or risk factors. Good or positive health, however, is more than the absence of disease and current tools do not reflect this. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the adult version of the multidimensional Salutogenic Wellness Promotion Scale (SWPS), a tool designed to measure positive health. Methods: Building on the previously validated young adult version of the SWPS, new scale items were developed for working adults. A sample of 304 administrative, academics, and staff personnel tested the psychometric properties of the adult version of the SWPS. Results: The SWPS demonstrated it had a seven factor multidimensional structure, had good internal consistency, and was positively correlated with perceived health (p<.0001) and life satisfaction (p<.001). Validity was also supported by negative correlations between the SWPS and both a depression and symptom measure. Discussion: The SWPS demonstrated good evidence of reliability and validity and fills a positive health status assessment need. Translation to Health EducationPractice: Using the SWPS with adult populations could assist health educators in their development of effective health promotion practices.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-11-01T00:00:00